2021 was another progressive year for the sukuk industry with more than $185bn worth of issuance over the course of the 12 months. New players joined the market, while more regulations and policies were set in place to improve standardisation.
- During 2021, there was growth in sustainability and green-themed sukuk. Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) led the way with a $2.5bn issuance. The total market in this field is now more than $15bn.
- Meanwhile, the UK government returned to the market, with a $500m sukuk issuance, double the previous issuance seven years prior.
- Tax waving and regulations were introduced in order to spur issuance in some markets. This initiative has improved standardisation across the industry.
For more data-driven insights in your Inbox, subscribe to the Refinitiv Perspectives weekly newsletter.
2021 was yet another record-breaking year for the sukuk industry despite the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on financial markets.
Over $185bn of sukuk were issued in 2021 according to the Refinitiv Sukuk Now app.
Last year was momentous for sukuk market, not only in terms of transaction size but also in quality. The themes we examine in this blog could potentially impact the market for years to come.
In February 2021, the Egyptian parliament’s economic committee completed the amendments to the sovereign sukuk law determining the framework under which the country will issue sovereign sukuk.
Egypt could be a key player in the market. Indeed, In January 2022, Ahmed Kojak, the Deputy Minister of Finance for Financial Policies, announced the first sovereign sukuk would be issued in H1 2022.
UK government issues sukuk
By March, the UK government returned to the market with a £500m sukuk issuance, seven years after its debut issuance in 2014.
This second sukuk offering was more than double the size of the first issuance. The government indicated it would increase the supply of high-quality, Sharia-compliant liquid assets to the market and support the development of Islamic finance products in the UK. A much-needed step from a non-Islamic market.
How did sustainability sukuk evolve during 2021?
Also in March, Jeddah-based Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) issued the world’s largest sustainability and ESG sukuk to date.
The $2.5bn issuance positioned the bank as the largest issuer of sustainability sukuk, with a total of $5.2bn. According to the Refinitiv Sustainable Islamic Finance App, the current ESG and green outstanding sukuk market stands at over $15bn.
Meanwhile, the Maldives issued its debut issuance in the international sukuk market, raising $200m on 29 March 2021.
Standardisation improved by robust documentation
Standardisation was a major theme during April when the International Islamic Financial Market (IIFM) published Perpetual Sukuk Al Mudarabah Tier 1 Standard Documentation.
The documentation, which is based on international Sharia best practices, provides robust documentation that can be adopted seamlessly across all jurisdictions.
In the same month the IsDB made more headlines by issuing its first-ever Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR)-linked sukuk in the global capital markets.
SOFR will be the new global benchmark rate, replacing the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), which will be phased out by June 2023.
Sukuk industry headlines around the world
Halfway into 2021, Saudi Aramco’s $6bn dollar debut sukuk racked up a record order book worth over $60bn from a consortium of 29 bookrunners by June. This was the largest order book ever achieved for a sukuk issuance.
In July, Family Homes Funds Limited sold the first-ever SEC registered corporate sukuk to be issued in Nigeria. It is also the first-ever corporate sukuk certified by the Financial Regulation Advisory Council of Experts (FRACE) of the Central Bank of Nigeria.
OneWatt Solar of Nigeria also issued a sukuk, the first corporate green bond for the Off-Grid Renewable Energy Project and the country’s first corporate green sukuk.
After the summer break, global sukuk generated a number of headlines in September when Bangladesh waived value add tax for sukuk in a bid to spur issuance.
Also in September, the Arab Petroleum Investments Corporation (APICORP) – a multilateral development financial institution focused on the energy sector in the MENA region – announced that it had launched its inaugural Green Bond Framework.
On 20 September, Indonesia sold its biggest-ever retail sukuk, issuing 27 trillion-rupiah ($1.9bn) in tradable retail sukuk via its online government securities (SBN) platform.
In Turkey, Kuveyt Türk announced a ground-breaking $350m Fixed Rate Resettable Sustainability Tier 2 Sukuk, due 2031. The sukuk adopted a Wakala/Murabaha structure and is the world’s first Sustainable Tier 2 Sukuk issuance.
High-Level Working Group on Green Sukuk
In November, The Islamic Finance Council UK (UKIFC), Her Majesty’s Treasury, the Ministry of Finance in the Republic of Indonesia Ministry, the Islamic Development Bank, the London Stock Exchange Group and the Global Ethical Finance Initiative (GEFI) became founding partners in the launch of a High-Level Working Group (HLWG) on green sukuk.
The three-year initiative will direct investment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the regions of the world that are in most need.
Over the course of the year, the sukuk industry, once again, proved resilient taking major steps towards standardisation, sustainability, globalisation and innovation – which are all needed to push the industry towards sustaining growth and international acceptance.
With demand continuing to outstrip supply, view and download the full latest Sukuk Quarterly Bulletin for these and more insights.